Black skin (people from Africa, African-Americans, Native Australians, Caribbeans and other Islands) is darker than the northern European skin. This is explained by the amount of melanin in the skin. Melanin is the primary determinant of human skin colour.
Melanin exists as a pigment and protects the skin from sunlight. Freckles and moles are formed where there is a localized concentration of melanin in the skin (they are highly associated with pale skin though).
Black-skinned people, who produce more skin-protecting melanin, are less likely to suffer from sunburn and the development of melanoma, a potentially deadly form of skin cancer, as well as other health problems related to exposure to strong solar radiation.
This keeps black people looking younger than the people with fair skin. Melanin helps to slow down the aging process. But it doesn’t mean that the dark skinned people do not age at all. The signs of aging in black skin could often be irregular pigmented patches (dark patches on the skin). Inflammation can be a cause of irregular pigmentation too.
If a part of black skin gets inflamed or irritated from an acne pimple or from an insect bite, a brown spot could be left behind when the redness or inflammation go down.
To bring out the beauty of the black skin to the full, one needs to be acquainted with the different undertones present in darker skin. It is essential to know your own skin tone and choose shades complementing your natural skin accordingly. Black skin care is as easy to follow as any other skin type care.
The simplicity of the treatment is that different types of skin use different skin care products. The starting point for you is to find out as much as possible how your skin works and what kind of products work best on black skin.
There are a number of products for black skin care. The skin care for African American type could be sometimes different than the care for Caucasians and Asians type. The black skin care products require heavy oil that has the ability to penetrate deep into the skin moisturizing it, maintaining the healthy oil balance. The best products for these types of skin are the ones, containing emu oil.
African American black skin looses its suppleness in the same way as other types of skin, resulting in stretch marks, loose skin, fat globs around the thighs, stomach, breasts, face, neck area and waist.
Using bleaching creams or lighteners, containing steroids can lead to permanent skin damage, such as permanent redness, thinning and blood vessel streaks.
Keep away from skin lighteners and bleaching creams that have mercury (it is poisonous). Irregular pigmentation can be treated by daily application for many months of Tretinoin. While darker skins typically do not burn as quickly as their fair counterparts, constant sun exposure can lead to a number of skin related ills.
Hyperpigmentation is a primary offender. Many women with black skin in their 30’s and above wonder why suddenly they have outbreaks of dark spots afflicting their once perfect complexions. The answer is simple: it’s due to all that casual sun exposure over the years. Sun protection is essential, even though you have black skin.
It prevents occurring of irregular pigmentation. There are a number of skin specialists who recommend chemical sunscreens for darker skins. These will melt into the skin without leaving an ashy, purple hued residue as does titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. Look for ingredients like Octinoxate and Octisalate, Avobenzone [butyl-methyoxydibenzoylmethane; Parsol 1789.
If you have to use a physical sunscreen such as zinc or titanium dioxide, look for a micelized version. Dark areas, caused by hyperpigmentation could be taken care of by Jessner’s solution applied once a week for a few months. Dark patches could be also treated by products containing hydroquinone.