Skincare

Feet Skin

When we talk about beauty care we often tend to forget one aspect of our body - our feet. Most people though happen to judge how you take care of yourself by looking at your feet.

In winter it could be disguised by the footwear (I think, you would agree, shoes can tell you a lot about the person who wears them), in summer you have but no choice to spend more time and care on your feet.

It is unfair how we treat our feet skin sometimes. The feet carry the weight of our entire body and often are one of the most abused and least cared parts of our body. Overall, everyone wants to have beautiful and healthy feet.





Foot care is an essential part of the hygiene regimen. You might not believe, but skin on our feet is very delicate. To have beautiful skin, you have to take care of the skin on your feet, and on a regular basis.



Foot care routine is not so time consuming and quite simple to follow.

Here, below are some tips on how to take care of your feet skin, which you can find useful and easy enough to practice on a weekly basis or more often.

• The first step is the preparation of the skin of your feet for the treatment. One should remove hard skin to start with. In order to remove dead foot skin, you may have to use a pumice stone or apply a special cream on the appropriate areas. But before doing it, you will have to soak your feet in a bowl of slightly hot water to soften the tough dead skin. Then you could scrub the dead skin much more easily. You could use a foot file for rubbing the skin off, do it gently, and then rinse off the flaky residue.

• After scrubbing soak your feet for about 10-15 minutes in a bowl of warm water. It is always a good idea to add some mineral salts, essential oils into the water. Palm sea salts (or mineral slats) with a few drops of lavender essential oils, for example, relieve the aches and reduce the swelling.

• When you finish the soaking procedure, dry your feet thoroughly, especially between your toes. Trim the nails of your toes by cutting straight across the tip and then shape the corners with an emery board.

• Treat your feet with a rich foot skin cream by massaging it gently. Put your hands on either side of your foot and firmly pressing with your thumbs the upper part of the foot start move you thumbs outwards.

• To remove any stiffness in the ankle, gently massage the anklebone in a circular motion.

• Remove extra cream left from your nails.

If you wish to apply nail vanish:

• Place cotton wool tufts in between you toes in order to keep them apart

• Firstly, apply a base coat of nail polish and then a second coat if required. When one applies nail polish, one should begin from the middle of the nail with one quick stroke and then continue applying the polish working outwards.

• You better give it half an hour before putting your shoes on.

Feet skin problems

Dry feet.

If the body cannot perspire properly in order to control the heat flow, a person may become a victim of dry skin, the condition, which is known as hypohidrosis. Dry skin can lead to other skin related complains, such as fissures- cracks in the skin. It could be quite painful.

Dry, cracked feet, known as xerosis, is a condition that takes place mostly on the bottom and outside edges of the heels of the feet. Sometimes cracks can be rather deep, but difficult to notice because of the dry skin building up around them. Apart from inconvenience and pain, cracks could also provide an entry for bacteria to cause infection. Some people get affected by dry skin more often than the others, but almost everyone experiences foot cracks on their heels and soles at some point in their lives.

This condition occurs because body is unable to provide natural oils and moisture to those affected areas, and skin doesn’t have enough capacity to retain that precious moisture.

There could be a number of causes to this condition, such as:

• Poor eating habits

• Insufficient water intake

• Inactive sweat glands

• Detergent/harsh chemicals based soaps

• Obesity

• Long periods of standing

• wearing open backed shoes and sandals for long period of time

• Aging

If you neglect and don’t treat your cracks, they may deepen to the extent that the dermis layer of the skin gets affected. Your feet would become extremely sore, making walking and even standing very painful. Deep cracks may bleed and become infected, which could end up in more serious feet problems. People with diabetics and impaired vascular sufficiency will have to be treated be a doctor in these cases.


Verruca

A verruca is a small skin lesion (a wart) which is generally found on the bottom surface of the feet. The color of it is normally paler then the usual tone of the skin. The surface of the verruca is covered with black dots (these dots are small blood vessels that feed the verruca). Verrucas are usually surrounding by hard skin.

People often complain that a verruca feels like a small stone under the foot. They are usually not painful unless they have direct force applied to them or squeezed from the sides. Verrucas can spread to other parts of the foot and can even go over to the hands.

Causes:

Verrucas can appear if excessive moisture or excessive dryness of the skin leads to small cracks in the skin which allows the virus to enter the skin. The most common places for catching verrucas are the communal places such as swimming pools, showers and changing areas, where the human papilloma virus can easily get into the skin. If you happen to have a scratch, a crack, or a thorn in your skin, the virus has an opportunity to enter and attack the skin.

Sweaty feet

Perspiration of the body through the day is a normal bodily function, which is very important for us in sense of regulating the heat (body temperature). In some people, natural perspiration is beyond what is necessary in the feet (hyperhidrosis), which results in sweaty feet. For the people who suffer from sweaty feet, it could be quite embarrassing. Sometimes patches of skin may peel and make the condition worse and more painful. At times sweaty feet condition is associated with Athletes foot.

Athlete’s foot

Athlete’s foot is a fungus infection of the skin that mainly appears in between the toes, but can occur anywhere on the feet; it could spread to other parts of the foot, hands or even the face. The skin on the affected parts may go red, swollen and may contain sticky fluid. On some occasions a scaly dry rush may occur on the sides and on the bottom of the feet (this type of athlete’s foot is called “moccasin” pattern). Also cracks can occur between the toes, sometimes they come with soft white scale. The patients often suffer from “burning”, “drying” sensation, including dry and itchy lesions.

Causes:

• Bruising or cracks in the skin allow entry for the fungus (although many people have fungus present on the skin, only a certain part of individuals gets affected by the microscopic organism).

• Excessive moisture on the feet, between the toes (fungi thrive on moist, warm environment).

• People with excessively sweaty feet are more likely to be exposed to fungi infections.

• It may spread between people in the communal areas (a common port for entry is found within swimming pools, showers, bathrooms, changing rooms, etc).

• Dirty foot wear (there is more chance for fungi to appear in between your toes, if you do not change your socks regularly).

What can you do?

• You could use anti-fungi powders in your sock and shoes to prevent the build up of the fungi.

• Special creams and sprays for athlete’s foot can also be used.

• Wearing cotton socks to absorb moisture helps.

• After having a bath or a shower, dry your feet properly, paying special attention to the area between the toes.

• If you feet tend to sweat excessively, treat this condition.

• Change socks daily.

• Diabetic patience should seek immediate professional advice and should not try to treat this condition themselves.

Feet blisters

Blisters appear when feet get sweaty and hot, making socks, stockings stick to the feet.
The sock and foot rub against each other and inside the shoe. Liquid fills up a space between the layers of skin to protect the area; this is the way the blister builds up.

Do not “pop” the blisters, leave them on their own. Most of the time they reabsorb and heal on their own. If the blister “pops”, watch out for redness or leaking yellow liquid or for red lines near the blister; these symptoms require medical attention.

Causes:

• Inappropriate footwear

• Result of heat, moisture and friction.

• Result of the fungal infection of the skin, allergic reactions or burns.

• Excessive perspiration of the feet.

To prevent feet blisters:

• Wear appropriate footwear

• Let the feet “breathe”

• If the blister is a result of the fungal infection of the skin, allergic reactions or burns, act accordingly to treat the fungal infection, allergic reaction or burns.

• If your feet sweat excessively, treat this condition.

• Use specially formulated foot balms that help to prevent blisters and friction when exercising or "breaking’’ in new shoes.